The chance that a solid renal mass is cancerous is over 80 percent, notes the Urology Care Foundation. Renal cancer is slightly more prevalent among males, and it is usually diagnosed between the ages of 50 and 70. Renal cell carcinoma is the most common form of kidney cancer.
Individuals who are hypertensive, obese or have a family history of renal cancer are at an increased risk of kidney cancer. Lifestyle choices such as smoking and consuming high-caloric diets or fried meat also increase the chances of getting kidney cancer. The survival rate for patients whose cancer is detected early is between 79 to 100 percent, according to the Urology Care Foundation.