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What is cervical prolapse?

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Quick Answer

Cervical prolapse, more commonly known as uterine prolapse, is a condition in which the pelvic floor muscles loosen to the point in which the uterus slides down into the vagina, according to Mayo Clinic. In extreme cases, the uterus can actually protrude through the vagina.

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Full Answer

Uterine prolapse is a very serious issue that should be attended to as soon as possible. Uterine prolapse can happen to any woman, but it is more common for women post-menopause who have had more than one vaginal delivery, as stated by Mayo Clinic. Common causes of pelvic floor weakening include tissue damage caused by pregnancy and childbirth, the effects of gravity on the body, a reduction in estrogen levels after menopause and repeated muscle straining.

Symptoms of uterine prolapse include a sensation of heavy pulling in the pelvic area, tissue protruding from the vagina, urinary leakage or complications with urine retention, constipation, low back pain and feelings of discomfort that worsen as the day goes on, according to Mayo Clinic. There are numerous risk factors, that include multiple vaginal births, giving birth to a large baby, advanced age, frequent heavy lifting, prior pelvic surgery and genetic predisposition. There are numerous treatment options based on the severity of the condition, including vaginal pessaries and surgical solutions. Surgery should only be used in severe cases when additional childbirth is not an option.

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