What Is a Cervical Fusion?

Cervical fusion is a procedure in which a surgeon connects certain bones in the neck permanently so that no movement can occur between the affected vertebrae, according to WebMD. Several fusion methods can be used, including bone grafts, metal implants or plates, or removing a spinal disc or vertebra.

Cervical fusion is used to stabilize the neck after an injury to prevent bone fracture or to treat a misalignment of the spine, states WebMD. It is also done after procedures for spinal stenosis, a herniated disc, tumors, rheumatoid arthritis, infection or deformities in the spine. The risks of cervical fusion include pain at the bone graft site, blood clots in deep veins, graft rejection and failure of the fusion.