Cerebral atrophy is a condition in which an individual continuously loses brain cells, according to Healthgrades. Conditions that can cause cerebral atrophy include brain injury such as stroke, and brain infections such syphilis and AIDS. Neurological diseases including cerebral palsy, Alzheimer’s disease, multiple sclerosis and dementia also cause cerebral atrophy.
The growth rate cerebral atrophy depends on the cause and can either be slow or rapid, as Heathgrades notes. It may cause either localized or generalized symptoms. Localized symptoms occur when certain sections of the brain lose cells, whereas the latter occur when an individual loses brain cells in the entire brain organ. Localized symptoms include localized paralysis, improper vision, and balance and coordination impairment, while generalized symptoms include memory loss and personality changes. It is advisable to seek immediate medical attention when an individual experiences the symptoms of cerebral atrophy since it is a life-threatening condition.
To slow the growth rate of cerebral atrophy and minimize its symptoms, it is advisable to adopt a healthy lifestyle, states Healthgrades. A healthy lifestyle may involve maintaining healthy blood pressure, and eating a healthy diet that is rich in omega-3 fatty acids, vegetables and antioxidant fruits. Maintaining physical, mental and social activeness may also minimize the chances of cerebral atrophy.