What causes vertigo attacks?


Quick Answer

Vertigo attacks are caused most frequently by inner ear problems such as Meniere's disease, labyrinthitis or benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, also called BPPV. Injuries to the head and neck, some medications, migraine headaches, brain tumor, and stroke also can cause episodes of dizziness, as stated by WebMD.

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Full Answer

Meniere's disease is an inner ear disorder that happens as a result of alterations of pressure inside the ear, accompanied by an amalgamation of fluid. Vertigo is often accompanied by hearing loss and ringing in the ears with Meniere's sufferers, notes WebMD.

Labyrinthitis, also known as vestibular neuritis, generally begins with a viral infection in the inner ear. Inflammation takes place around the nerves that are tasked with helping the body maintain its balance. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo happens when minuscule particles of calcium, known as canaliths, form clumps in ear canals. The inner ear signals the brain about movements of the body and heat with respect to gravity, helping people maintain balance. There are no known causes for BPPV, although some researchers think it may be connected to the aging process, according to WebMD.

Migraine headaches, neurological problems and an injury to the neck or head can all lead to vertigo, and often all it takes to trigger an episode is movement of the head, states WebMD

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