Vertigo is commonly caused by problems in the inner ear, according to WebMD. One of the most common causes of vertigo is benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, which is a condition that causes small calcium particles to build up in the inner ear canal. Meniere's disease is another common cause of vertigo in which fluid builds up in the ear and results in pressure changes.
Vertigo can also be caused by labyrinthitis, which is a mostly viral condition that results in inflammation of the area in the inner ear that surrounds thenerves responsible for maintaining the body's sense of balance. Some less common causes of vertigo are migraine headaches, certain medications, neck and head injuries, tumors and strokes, according to WebMD.
People suffering from vertigo often feel like they are spinning, are dizzy or feel as if the world is rotating around them.Other symptoms experienced by people with vertigo include feelings of being unbalanced, swaying, tilting or being pulled in a certain direction. Vertigo may also cause nausea, sweating, headaches, hearing loss and abnormal eye movements.
The type of treatment given for vertigo varies from person to person and depends largely on what is causing it to occur. Because the human brain is able to adapt so well to changes, a large number of vertigo cases subside without treatment being necessary.