According to Healthline, ulcers are caused by a variety of factors that include over-production of stomach acid, infections caused by H. pylori bacteria and excessive consumption of aspirin or ibuprofen. Individuals who are over 50 years of age, smokers and those who use steroid medications are also at higher risk for developing the condition.
Mayo Clinic explains that the most common symptom of an ulcer is stomach pain that tends to be less severe when the stomach is full. Additional symptoms include dark, tarry stools, vomiting up blood, queasiness, weight loss and appetite fluctuations. Individuals with ulcers may find relief by taking antacids or eating certain foods that minimize stomach acids, but it is important for sufferers to consult with a physician if their symptoms are continuous.
WebMD explains that stomach ulcers occur when the protective layer of tissue in the small intestine develops holes or tears, which in turn become irritated and cause pain when they come in contact with digestive acids. In many cases, stomach ulcers can easily be treated with antibiotics and acid-neutralizing medications. Certain individuals may experience complications, such as anemia, stomach cancer and excessive bleeding, so it is important for individuals with ulcers to maintain regular medical checkups.