Some possible causes of post menopausal bleeding include cervical cancer, pelvic trauma, uterine polyps, uterine fibroids and certain medications. Postmenopausal bleeding is not normal and should be reported to a health professional immediately, notes Mayo Clinic.
Postmenopausal bleeding is often diagnosed by taking the patient's medical history and inquiring about accompanying symptoms. Doctors may order certain imaging and lab tests to ascertain the condition, notes WebMD.
Polyps are benign growths that may develop in the uterus, cervix or the cervical canal. As these growths develop, they may lead to bleeding. Polyps can be treated by medications or certain surgical procedures.
Endometrial hyperplasia is a condition in which the lining of the uterus becomes thicker than normal. This thickening may cause a bleeding effect. Individuals who are obese are at a greater risk of experiencing menopausal bleeding related to this condition.
Uterine fibroids are noncancerous growths that may develop before menopause. Left untreated, they may continue to enlarge and cause bleeding after menopause.
Endometritis is a condition in which the uterine lining gets infected. Infections can cause inflammation, which results in bleeding.
Postmenopausal bleeding can also be a sign of certain cancers. It is important to get cancer treatment as soon as possible if symptoms and other consequences are to be avoided.