According to WebMD, toe joint pain can be caused by gout, arthritis, bunions, and hammer or claw toes. Gout, an inflammatory condition that causes painful crystal deposits in the joints that result in severe swelling and pain can be controlled through dietary changes, rest, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications and pain relievers.
Bunions occur as a bony prominence along the edge of the foot at the base of the large toe, according to WebMD. Often caused by poorly fitting footwear, bunions are painful around the joints of the large toe. The first step is treating bunions is changing to more comfortable footwear. If this is not successful, orthotics or surgery can help to alleviate pain.
Hammer toes are when the joint nearest to the foot is bent, while claw toe refers to the joint at the end of the toe being bent, according to WebMD. Wearing tight, uncomfortable shoes is the main cause of both of these conditions. Avoiding the use of high heels and tight-fitting shoes, practicing regular toe stretching exercises and using shoe inserts can help to alleviate the toe joint pain associated with claw and hammer toes. If these measures are not effective, orthotics and surgery may be necessary to correct the problem.