According to Right Diagnosis, common causes of temple pain are migraines, hypertension and sinusitis. Less common causes include meningitis, temporal arteritis, encephalitis and subarachnoid haemorrhage. Cluster headaches, refractive errors, optic neuropathy, Rollet syndrome and tension headaches are also known causes of temple pain.
Headaches are very common, but little is known about what actually causes them, according to Harvard Health Publications. In the worst cases, headaches act as an indicator of a more serious health problem, such as a stroke, blood clot or brain tumor. Most often, headaches are nothing to worry about and can easily be treated with over-the-counter medications. Many people misunderstand where headache pain originates from and assume that it stems from the brain. Actually, headache pain does not originate in brain tissue, but in the blood vessels, tissues and nerves within and surrounding the brain. Headache pain can also be connected to muscle and nerve trauma in the mouth, jaw, neck and sinuses, Harvard Health Publications explains. People who suddenly develop temple pain after the age of 50 when they have not been prone to headaches before should see a doctor, as this can signal a larger health concern. If headache pain alters a person's cognitive functioning or behavior, a doctor should be consulted to evaluate the situation. Other accompanying symptoms, such as blurred vision, fever and seizures, warrant prompt medical attention.