A headache in the temple could be a sign of a tension headache, states WebMD. When the temporal artery dilates or becomes larger, it may be a sign of too much stress or too much caffeine intake, states Healthline.
If the headache begins around the temple and then spreads to the back of the head, it could be a migraine, notes Harvard Medical School. This type of pain throbs and pulsates, often leading to nausea, watery eyes, congestion and a runny nose. If caught early, patients can control migraines with over-the-counter pain relievers. If prescriptions are necessary to treat the migraines, doctors often prescribe triptans as nasal sprays, tablets or injections.