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What are some of the causes and symptoms of kidney diseases?

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Quick Answer

Diabetes and high blood pressure are the main causes of kidney disease, and symptoms include fatigue, swelling, coloration of urine, shortness of breath and poor sleep, states Life Options. Further symptoms include skin rash, ammonia breath, nausea and vomiting, difficulties in concentrating, dizziness and leg pain.

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Full Answer

Autoimmune diseases, glomerulonephritis, polycystic kidney disease and birth problems are also leading causes of kidney diseases, according to Davita. Other causes of kidney disease include immune system diseases such as lupus, inflammation of the glomeruli in the kidney, and urinary tract infection, claims WebMD. Most of the kidney disease symptoms are due to the build-up of waste products in the body, explains MedicineNet. Another symptom is abnormal heart rhythm due to presence of potassium in the bloodstream, which may result into sudden death.

The best approach to treating kidney disease is first treating the underlying disease, according to MedicineNet. An effective way to prevent kidney disease from developing is through lifelong efforts to prevent diabetes and high blood pressure.

WebMD explains that if kidney disease remains untreated, the kidney may cease to function completely, which is debilitating and may even lead to death. Dialysis or transplant is typically the only available treatment for kidney disease, as of 2015.

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