What Are Some Causes and Symptoms of Crohn's Disease and How Is It Treated?

Crohn's disease is thought to be caused by immune system or heredity triggers, which manifest with symptoms such as diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever, weight loss and blood in the stool, explains the Mayo Clinic. Though not a cause of the disease, symptoms can also be aggravated by poor diet and stress. Patients with Crohn's disease are treated with anti-inflammatory medications, antibiotics, and immune system suppressors, after careful evaluation by a qualified medical professional.

Crohn's disease is a condition that inflames the bowels and bowel tissues, leading to digestion problems, states the Mayo Clinic. Though most cases are mild to moderate, in severe cases, Crohn's can be life-threatening. Doctors are still unsure of the exact causes of the disease, however, it is thought to be related to genetics in some. In other cases, those with a weakened or malfunctioning immune system may contract it as a reaction to bacterial or viral microorganisms that harm the digestive tract.

In addition to digestive problems, other signs and symptoms of Crohn's disease include mouth sores and inflammation of the liver, skin, eyes, joints and bile ducts. While there is no cure for Crohn's, it can be managed with a mix of medications, along with diet and lifestyle changes, according to the Mayo Clinic. In particular, those diagnosed should avoid eating foods that exacerbate the symptoms, such as dairy, fatty and spicy foods, caffeine and alcohol. Eating high-fiber foods in moderation can be beneficial, as can exercising regularly, which helps to manage stress and control flare-ups.