The most common causes for a swollen temple include cerebral edema, head injury and temporal arteritis, as reported by Right Diagnosis. Temporal arteritis seems to be the most common cause.
Temporal arteritis is a condition where the arteries around the temples become inflamed. This can lead to the blood vessels becoming damaged. These blood vessels are responsible for supplying blood to the head. Although the cause of temporal arteritis is unknown, most medical professionals believe that it is linked to a faulty or weakened immune response.
In addition to swollen temples, other common symptoms include tenderness at the scalp, excessive sweating, fever, muscle aches, loss of appetite, weakness, excessive tiredness and pain and stiffness of the neck, shoulder hips and upper arms.
To diagnose temporal arteritis, medical professionals will need to perform a detailed and thorough visual examination and also request for a blood test and a biopsy.
To treat temporal arteritis and prevent the symptoms from worsening, most medical professionals will prescribe corticosteroids that are to be taken orally. Aspirin is another good option for pain relief. Depending on the severity of the situation, immune suppressants may also be required. Long-term treatment include quitting smoking and drinking, taking extra calcium and vitamin D supplements and participating in more weight-bearing exercises.