According to WebMD, stomach pain and bloating are common signs of indigestion. Indigestion is caused by certain medications, medical conditions like stomach infections, ulcers and irritable bowel syndrome, and lifestyle factors that include smoking, alcohol consumption and stress. WebMD explains that individuals experiencing abdominal pain and bloating should consult with a physician to ensure proper diagnosis and treatment.
The Mayo Clinic explains that stomach pain and bloating can also be indicative of intestinal gas, a condition that is usually considered normal but can signify underlying conditions, such as inflammatory bowel disease or food intolerances. Contact a physician if the gas pains are accompanied by bloody stools, weight loss or chest pain.
According to MedlinePlus, common causes of abdominal bloating include constipation, weight gain, an overgrowth of bacteria in the small bowel, and an intolerance to lactose, a substance found in dairy products. MedlinePlus also explains that abdominal bloating may signify a serious underlying condition, such as celiac disease, ovarian cancer or the pancreas failing to produce enough enzymes. Bloating can often be prevented by minimizing intake of carbonated drinks, such as soda, and avoiding foods that contain fructose. Seek medical assistance if symptoms of bloating are accompanied by severe heartburn, vomiting or diarrhea.