Due to water retention, females experience stomach bloating in the days leading up to their menstrual, notes Mayo Clinic. Irritable bowel syndrome causes bloating in both men and women, though women are twice as likely to suffer from the condition, states MedlinePlus.
Doctors aren't sure what causes the water retention that leads to bloating prior to the menstrual cycle, as of 2015, but suspect it is related to hormonal changes, according to Mayo Clinic. Too much sodium and vitamin deficiency may also play a role.
Along with bloating, women with irritable bowel syndrome may suffer from abdominal pain, gas, fullness and changes in bowel habits, states MedlinePlus. Women can get irritable bowel syndrome at any age, and doctors suspect the condition is cause by infection or stress.