Individuals who swallow too much air, have trouble digesting certain foods or suffer from certain health conditions may experience excessive flatulence. They may treat the problem by reducing swallowed air, making changes to their diet or taking oral medications, states the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.
While it is normal to swallow air when consuming food and beverages, individuals who eat too quickly, smoke, chew gum, suck on candy or drink carbonated beverages are prone to swallowing more air than normal. To avoid swallowing too much air, individuals should adjust their consumption habits. Individuals who wear dentures should consult their dentist, as loose dentures can also be the cause of excessive air intake, says the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.
Some individuals have digestive systems that do not cope well with certain foods such as beans, cruciferous vegetables, whole grains, dairy products and high fructose corn syrup. Individuals should monitor the effects of different foods and manage their intake accordingly, though they should still take care to ensure that they eat a balanced diet.
Individuals may also use medications to alleviate excessive flatulence, suggests the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. These medications may contain ingredients such as alpha-galactosidase, simethicone or lactase to help with digestion and reduce bloating or discomfort.