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What causes sodium deficiency?

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Quick Answer

Sodium deficiency occurs when a person drinks too much water or sweats too much, leading to a condition called hyponatremia, according to About.com. Hyponatremia results from low levels of sodium in the blood.

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What causes sodium deficiency?
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Full Answer

Sodium is an important nutrient needed by the body, as it maintains balance in fluid levels by working with water, potassium and chloride, explains About.com. Becoming deficient in sodium is unlikely for people who eat enough food daily, even if they avoid salt and heavily processed foods. Small amounts of sodium are found naturally in meat, seafood, vegetables, breads, milk and cheese. When a person drinks too much water, the sodium levels in his blood are lowered to dangerous levels, causing hyponatremia. Symptoms of hyponatremia include vomiting, nausea, muscle cramps and dizziness. This condition leads to shock and coma if not treated.

It takes 6 gallons of water on a daily basis to affect a healthy young adult, notes About.com. People with heart or liver kidney problems have higher risks of hyponatremia and must consult a doctor to find out the right amounts of water to drink every day.

About.com adds that it is also possible to become deficient in sodium by sweating too much, like over-exerting the body on a really hot day. This can be prevented by drinking sports drinks that contain electrolytes.

Learn more about Medical Ranges & Levels

Related Questions

  • Q:

    Can you drink too much water?

    A:

    Drinking too much water can cause water intoxication, which can result in a condition called hyponatremia. In hyponatremia, the blood's sodium levels become diluted due to the amount of water being consumed, setting off a reaction that leads to swelling in the body's cells, according to Mayo Clinic.

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    For what purpose are salt tablets used?

    A:

    Salt tablets are most commonly recommended for patients with hyponatremia, a condition where they have excess water in relation to sodium. Hyponatremia can be caused by renal failure, excessive water intake, hypothyroidism and other illnesses or conditions that deplete salt.

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    What is low blood sodium?

    A:

    Low blood sodium, called hyponatremia, is a level of sodium in the blood that is lower than normal, states MedicineNet. It occurs when the body loses fluid and sodium, an element the body needs to function properly, or when the sodium amount is normal, but there is excess body fluid.

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  • Q:

    What causes low sodium in the blood?

    A:

    Low sodium in the blood, or hyponatremia, has several possible causes, including certain medications, syndrome of inappropriate anti-diuretic hormone, hormonal changes and heart, kidney or liver conditions. Other sources of low sodium are overconsumption of water, dehydration, use of ecstasy and chronic vomiting or diarrhea, states Mayo Clinic.

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