Some causes of skin peeling on the fingertips and toes are scarlet fever and Kawasaki disease. Scarlet fever is caused by bacteria in group A Streptococcus, states the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Kawasaki disease is a condition in which there is inflammation in blood vessel walls, notes Mayo Clinic.
Both these medical condition more commonly affect children. A bacterial infection that causes strep throat is a risk factor for developing scarlet fever. Some initial symptoms of this illness are a fever, red colored tongue and a sore throat. A red rash usually develops a few days after the appearance of these symptoms. The rash can be present for a week before it begins to fade. Consequently, the skin in areas that include the toes and fingertips start to peel, notes the National Institutes of Health. However, the peeling can continue or several weeks. This contagious condition is treated with antibiotics.
Kawasaki disease is an illness that has symptoms , such as a high fever, a rash and inflamed lymph nodes. During the second phase, skin peeling occurs, and in the third phase, the symptoms gradually fade way. The cause of Kawasaki disease is not entirely known, but the disease does not appear to be contagious. Treatment can include prescribing aspirin for inflammation, pain and fever, notes Mayo Clinic.