Skin breakdown, also called pressure sores or bedsores, are caused by pressure on the skin over a long period of time, according to Mayo Clinic. Immobility due to prolonged illness or injury is the most common cause, but friction and shearing forces on the skin exacerbate skin breakdown.Continue Reading
Being overweight or underweight, having diminished feeling in a body part, experiencing bowel or bladder incontinence and spending most of the day in one position are additional risk factors for pressure sores, states MedlinePlus. So are being older, having altered awareness, having poor nutrition and having medical conditions that reduce blood flow, notes Mayo Clinic.
Pressure sores commonly develop over bony areas of the body, says Mayo Clinic. These areas include the tailbone; at the elbows; along the shoulder blades or spine; at the back and sides of the head; and at the heels or ankles.
Pressure sores can be treated if caught early. At the earliest stages of skin breakdown, the skin may be warm and red, states MedlinePlus. It may feel either spongy or hard to the touch. Erosion of the top layers of the skin may be visible. At the first sign of any of these symptoms, contact a doctor.Learn more about Skin Conditions
The four stages of pressure sores include intact skin with redness, open ulcers, visible fat, and full tissue loss exposing bone and muscle, according to the National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel. The presence of dead skin at the base of the ulcer renders a pressure sore unclassifiable, according to MedlinePlus.Full Answer >
Pictures of the stages of bed sores, or pressure sores, show the level of skin breakage and damage in each stage, which help to identify the severity of the condition. Pressure sores exist in four stages, with each stage exposing more of the tissue under the skin, explains WebMD.Full Answer >
Skin barnacles are noncancerous lesions on the skin, explains About.com. The clinical name for skin barnacles is seborrheic keratoses. Skin barnacles vary in size from slightly raised areas in the skin to large dark lumps.Full Answer >
Skin begins to appear crepey in texture when the skin's supply of collagen and elastin is depleted. To firm crepey neck skin, use products and treatments that target these deficiencies.Full Answer >