A person who is experiencing shooting pain in the head may be suffering from a condition called occipital neuralgia. This occurs when the occipital nerves become injured or inflamed, according to WebMD.
Occipital neuralgia imitates the symptoms of other types of headaches. The shooting pain usually starts at the base of the head and extends to the scalp. A person may also experience other symptoms including light sensitivity, tender scalp, pain behind the eye and pain when rotating the neck. Conditions that are associated with occipital neuralgia include diabetes, gout, blood vessel inflammation, osteoarthritis, cervical disc disease and neck tension. Medical checkup is required to pinpoint the underlying cause.