Causes of shin splints include stress fractures, swollen and irritated muscles, overpronation, and weakness in stabilizing muscles, notes WebMD. Shin splints commonly affect athletes and are likely to occur after running or changing a running surface.
The symptoms of shift splints include soreness, pain, tenderness and mild swelling in the lower legs, according to Mayo Clinic. Overuse of the muscles can cause irritation, leading to shin splints. Overpronation of the foot occurs when the foot's arch collapses and can result in splints. Stopping running can help stop the pain, states Mayo Clinic. Resting, icing the shin and taking anti-inflammatory medication contributes in easing the pain.