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What causes peripheral neuropathy?

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Quick Answer

Peripheral neuropathy is often caused by generalized diseases such as diabetes, kidney disorders, vitamin deficiencies and hypothyroidism, explains Mayo Clinic. Other causes of peripheral neuropathy include injury, severe alcoholism, exposure to toxic chemicals and certain medications, reports Healthline.

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Full Answer

One of the leading causes of peripheral neuropathy is nerve damage resulting from chronic diabetes. It has been reported that approximately 60 percent of diabetics experience some variety of nerve damage, and high blood sugars, obesity and high blood pressure are significant risk factors for peripheral neuropathy. Kidney disorders may produce toxin buildup in the body and damage nerve tissues, and deficiencies in vitamins crucial to nerve health such as B1, B6, B12 and E may also cause neuropathy. Additionally, hypothyroidism may result in fluid retention and pressure around nerve tissues that may cause neuropathy, states Healthline.

Peripheral neuropathy is also commonly caused by injuries to the nerves, prolonged inactivity or maintaining the same position for too long. Carpal tunnel syndrome is one prolific peripheral neuropathy and results from increased pressure on the median nerve. Alcoholism or exposure to other toxic chemicals such as solvents or insecticides have also been demonstrated to increase the likelihood of nerve damage. Additionally, medications such as anticonvulsants, certain blood pressure medications and statins may also increase the risk of peripheral neuropathy, according to Healthline.

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