Causes for a two-week long period include uterine fibroids or polyps, endometriosis or pelvic inflammatory disease, according to EmpowHER. In women over the age of 45, long periods can indicate the beginning of menopause, while in women of child-bearing age they can indicate hormonal imbalances due to changing contraception or using a copper IUD. If pregnancy is a possibility, a prolonged period may indicate a miscarriage.Continue Reading
In cases of continual two-week long periods, a pelvic examination, ultrasound and biopsy of tissues can be conducted to determine the cause of the prolonged bleeding, according to EmpowHER. In women reaching middle age, a practitioner sometimes chooses to wait and see if the prolonged periods correct themselves without further treatment as they are often caused by menopause or changing hormone levels.
In the case of uterine fibroids and polyps, they are surgically removed to prevent excessive bleeding, according to EmpowHER. In some cases, hormonal imbalances that cause excessive bleeding are treated using oral contraceptives, anti-inflammatory medications or hormone replacement therapy. Switching from a copper IUD to a hormonal one can also eliminate excessive bleeding if that is the cause. In some women, nutritional supplementation is necessary to make up for nutrient loss from prolonged menstrual bleeding.Learn more about Menstruation
A woman who experiences two periods in one month may be reacting to a medication, have thyroid imbalances such as hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism, or suffer from uterine polyps or fibroids, according to EmpowHER. Extreme weight fluctuations and excessive stress can also cause complications with a woman's menstrual cycle.Full Answer >
Several factors can cause early periods, or mid-cycle bleeding, including excessive weight loss, ovarian cysts and pelvic inflammatory disease, according to Mayo Clinic. Irregular cycles can also indicate non-cancerous growths in the uterus. It is always best for females with menstrual irregularities to consult with a physician.Full Answer >
Abdominal cramps after a period has ended can be a sign of endometriosis, according to WebMD. Caused by uterine tissue growing outside of the uterus, endometriosis can cause cramping before and after periods as well as after urination, sexual intercourse or after bowel movements. Other causes for cramping after a period include fibroids, pelvic inflammatory disease and certain sexually transmitted infections, according to MedlinePlus.Full Answer >
According to About Kids Health, the postnatal period is the six weeks immediately following childbirth. This is a time when a woman's body changes from being pregnant to a post-pregnant state. What a woman can expect during this period depends in part on whether she experienced a vaginal or Caesarean delivery.Full Answer >