Pelvic pain can be caused by a broken pelvis, nerve condition, hernia, kidney stones or appendicitis, according to WebMD. Both men and women experience pelvic pain, which can also be caused by intestinal or pelvis disorders, sexually transmitted diseases, bladder disorders or psychogenic pain.
Causes of pelvic pain in females may include a miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy, ovulation, menstrual cramps, or ovarian disorders or cysts, according to WebMD. Endometriosis, uterine cancer, cervical cancer and pelvic inflammatory diseases cause pelvic pain as well. Some women experience pelvic pain when fibroids are present in the body.
Common symptoms of pelvic pain include pain in the groin or hip area, discomfort during intercourse, bloating or gas, vaginal bleeding, spotting or discharge, or fever or chills, explains WebMD. Pelvic pain can also worsen menstrual cramps or pain and cause blood in bowel movements.
The cause of pelvic pain is determined through vaginal or penile cultures, blood and urine tests, and pelvic x-rays, states WebMD. Physicians may also perform an ultrasound or CT scan of the pelvis and abdomen, test the stool, and perform bone density screening to evaluate the strength of the bone. In some cases, a lower endoscopy is performed to evaluate the functions of the colon.
Pelvic pain is treated based on the cause of the pain, which can include antibiotics, rest or specific treatments for cancer, diseases and disorders, according to WebMD.