Painful feet may be caused by injury, overuse or inflammatory conditions, explains Mayo Clinic. Specifically, conditions such as tendinitis, bone spurs, corns or gout may cause foot pain. Other causes include ingrown toenails, arthritis, plantar fasciitis and stress fractures.
In many cases, foot pain can be treated at home with rest, according to Mayo Clinic. Taking over-the-counter pain medication is also recommended, as it may help with swelling and promote healing. Avoiding activities that aggravate foot pain is also important, and icing the foot for 15 to 20 minutes a few times a day is also recommended. People experiencing foot pain should understand that it is not uncommon for stiffness and pain to be worse in the morning upon waking.
If pain or swelling does not improve after about five days of home treatment, a person should contact a doctor, claims Mayo Clinic. A person should also contact a doctor if experiencing persistent or burning pain, numbness, or tingling in the foot over several weeks.
A person should seek immediate medical attention if severe pain or swelling in the foot occurs, according to Mayo Clinic. If there is an open wound, a wound that is oozing pus, or a person is unable to put weight on the foot, he should also seek out immediate medical help. Those who have signs of infection in the foot such as warmth, redness or tenderness should also seek out immediate medical attention.