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What are the causes of painful big toe?

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Quick Answer

Causes of a painful big toe include arthritis, gout, injury or a bunion, explains WebMD. People with a hammertoe or claw toes often develop calluses near the big toe that can irritate the skin and cause pain.

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Full Answer

Additional causes of pain in the big toe include a toe sprain or fracture, a damaged tendon or a stiff big toe, a condition known as hallux rigidus, explains WebMD. Turf toe causes pain at the base of the big toe, and is commonly caused by injury, strains or overuse. Corns and calluses that build up on or near the big toe cause pain when pressure is put on the foot. A sesamoid fracture, which is a small bone break that affects the tendons of the big toe, causes pain.

People may also experience a painful big toe when wearing shoes that are too tight or ill-fitted, according to WebMD. Treatment for conditions that cause pain in the big toe include consulting with a physician when a fracture or break is suspected, resting and elevating the foot, and wearing shoes with pads or stiff-soled bases to relieve pressure. Patients can also take pain relievers such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen to treat a painful big toe.

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