Stone bruises, heel spurs, plantar fasciitis and fractures of the heel bone are all potential causes of heel pain, reports WebMD. Plantar fasciitis, an inflammation of the tissue connecting the heel bone with the toes, is the most common cause.
Plantar fasciitis is characterized by heel pain that is usually worst when getting out of bed in the morning. Some people with plantar fasciitis also experience arch pain, states WebMD. Resting the foot, performing muscle stretches, wearing shoes with cushioned insoles, and taking over-the-counter pain relief drugs are all ways to relieve the heel pain caused by plantar fasciitis.
A stone bruise develops after someone steps on a hard object or sustains an impact injury to the heel. WebMD defines a stone bruise as a bruise of the fat pad on the heel or the ball of the foot. Heel spurs, more common in people who have high arches or flat feet, are abnormal growths on the heel bone. Physicians recommend wearing custom-made shoe inserts, using heel pads, resting and wearing shoes that fit well to relieve the pain caused by heel spurs.
Heel fractures result from high-impact injuries to the heel bone, reports WebMD. This type of injury is characterized by heel pain, limping, swelling and difficulty walking. Surgery is sometimes necessary, but a heel fracture may heal on its own with physical therapy, rest, and the use of a cast or splint.