Pain in the front thigh can be caused by a strain after rigorous exercise, says Sports Injury Clinic. Damage to the femoral nerve can also cause front thigh pain, reports MedlinePlus.
Strains in the thigh are actually tears in one of the quadriceps muscles at the front of the thigh, according to Sports Injury Clinic. Symptoms can range from mild discomfort to severe pain and an inability to walk. Once discovered, ice or a cold compress should be applied to stop internal bleeding, reduce swelling and limit the injury. Professional sport massages and electrotherapy may be used to speed recovery. Patients suffering from strains should rest at least 72 hours before returning to normal activities.
Damage to the femoral nerve is more severe and can cause loss of movement or sensation in parts of the legs, states MedlinePlus. Common causes of femoral nerve dysfunction include direct injury, prolonged pressure on the nerve, and compression of the nerve by nearby body parts or disease related structures. Patients may also suffer nerve damage as the result of a broken pelvis bone, a catheter inserted into the groin's femoral artery, diabetes, or internal bleeding in the pelvis or belly. Treatment depends on the specifics of the damage, but typical options include removal of growths that press on the nerve, use of pain medication, weight loss and lifestyle changes. Physical therapy helps speed up the healing process.
Bacterial infection of a laceration or sore can also lead to pain in the front of the thigh, notes Healthgrades. Skin infections may cause superficial pain on the skin of the front of the thigh. Infection of the hip or knee joint can lead to septic arthritis, which may lead to thigh pain. Other causes of pain in the front of the thigh include compartment syndrome of the quadriceps, tears in the cartilage of the knee and deep vein thrombosis.