Diabetic peripheral neuropathy is a common cause of pain in the arms, legs, hands and feet, and symptoms tend to be worse at night, according to WebMD. Diabetic neuropathy is a complication of diabetes and is caused by nerve damage resulting from high blood sugar and poor circulation. As nerve fibers deteriorate over time, they lose the ability to transmit sensation, and numbness is a common symptom in those suffering from neuropathy.
Individuals suffering from peripheral neuropathy may experience pain in response to ordinary touching or for no evident reason, states WebMD. The pain is described by many patients as similar to a sensation of burning, pins and needles, or electric shocks. It can be either mild or debilitating. In more severe cases it makes simple tasks intolerably painful, interferes with sleeping patterns and causes mood swings, irritability and depression.
Diabetics can treat peripheral neuropathy by controlling blood sugar levels, notes WebMD. Proper foot care is important, as numbness can cause a person to overlook wounds or damage to the feet ordinarily detected by healthy nerve sensation. Cleaning and grooming the feet every day and wearing padded socks and shoes designed for neuropathic feet reduces the risk of pain and injury. Any sore or ulcer should be examined by a medical professional. Untreated wounds can lead to infection and amputation.