Nerve-related foot pain can be caused by Morton's neuroma, which is a thickening of the nerve that runs between the third and fourth toes. Other causes of nerve-related foot pain include a pinched nerve in a region of the foot and peripheral neuropathy, according to About Health.
Morton's neuroma affects the ball of the foot, which can cause a sensation similar to the feeling of standing on a small pebble. Morton's neuroma has been associated with wearing high-heeled shoes and the symptoms often decrease when flatter shoes are worn, says Mayo Clinic.
Tarsal tunnel syndrome is a type of entrapped nerve condition. The tibial nerve provides sensation to the bottom of the foot. When the tibial nerve is compressed, it can cause shooting pain and numbness in the foot and a burning sensation, as stated on the Johns Hopkins Medicine website.
Peripheral neuropathy occurs when the peripheral nerves in the toes or fingers are damaged. The most common symptoms of peripheral neuropathy are burning, tingling, itching or stabbing pain in the toes. Diabetes is the prevailing source of peripheral neuropathy in the United States. As many as 60 to 70 percent of individuals with diabetes develop peripheral neuropathy, according to the American Podiatric Medical Association.