Myocarditis typically occurs due to viral infections and bacterial infections, and it is treated using medications that improve heart function, says WebMD. Physicians advise patients with myocarditis to avoid strenuous activities and rest properly within 6 months. It is also important to start a low-salt diet to prevent fluid accumulation.Continue Reading
Myocarditis results from an infection, as the body typically releases infection-fighting cells that produce chemicals that can damage the heart muscle, explains WebMD. A person with myocarditis has an inflamed heart muscle that may also be characterized by thickness, swelling or weakness. Viral infections, such as Coxsackie B viruses and Epstein-Barr virus, are the typical causes of the disease, but fungal infections and parasitic infections are also potential causes.
Chemicals, allergy to medicines, alcohol and drugs may also lead to myocarditis, notes WebMD. Anyone who ingests lead, or gets bitten by a spider or snake can also develop myocarditis. Other possible causes include lupus, rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune diseases.
Some of the medications that doctors may prescribe to treat myocarditis include diuretics, ACE inhibitors and calcium channel blockers, states WebMD. Hospitalization may be necessary for individuals who develop a blood clot, a weaker heart or other complications. Some people with myocarditis fully recover after hospitalization, but others may suffer a more severe, long-term condition.Learn more about Cardiac Health