Musculoskeletal pain is usually due to injuries to the bones, joints, muscles, tendons, ligaments or nerves, including fractures, sprains and dislocations, according to Cleveland Clinic. These injuries are often caused by car accidents and other blunt trauma. Other causes include poor posture, overuse and prolonged immobilization.
The symptoms of musculoskeletal pain may include general body aches, muscle twitching, fatigue and sleep disturbances, as reported by WebMD. Physical examination by a physician and laboratory tests determine the location and cause of the pain. Treatment options include physical or occupational therapy, over-the-counter NSAIDs, prescription medications, and strengthening and stretching exercises. Some institutions practice acupuncture, relaxation, chiropractic care and therapeutic massage.