Some of the main causes of muscle pain include overuse, injury, tension or stress, infections, certain drugs and some medical conditions. Muscle aches and pains are a common occurrence and can affect anyone regardless of age and gender, notes the National Institutes of Health's Medline Plus.
When individuals engage in extensive sessions of exercise or switch to heavier exercises without warming up, they are likely to strain their muscles. This effect inevitably causes painful sensations to the muscles. Resting and applying cold packs on affected regions may help ease the pain in such situations.
When individuals experience painful sensations because of injury, the best way to deal with the situation is pay a visit to the doctor. After examination, doctors may provide prescription painkillers. Doctors may also give certain medications to help prevent infection.
Medical conditions such as lupus, fibromyalgia and dermatomyositis may lead to muscle pain. Treating the underlying cause is usually an effective way of managing pain in such cases.
To prevent muscle pain, individuals should avoid engaging in too much exercise, notes Healthline. People who stand for extensive periods of time should take breaks to relax. Avoid engaging in exercises until pain goes away. It is equally important to keep the body hydrated by drinking a lot of fluids.