Muscle aches may result from a muscle injury, excessive muscle use, stress, and infectious conditions such as influenza, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Lyme disease and muscle abscess, according to MedlinePlus. Medications such as statins and ACE inhibitors, and conditions such as polymyalgia rheumatica, fibromyalgia, lupus and polymyositis are other possible causes of muscle aches.
Muscle aches can affect any muscle in the body, and they sometimes persist for an extended long time, notes Mayo Clinic. Because muscle aches may signify a serious underlying condition, sufferers should visit a doctor immediately when symptoms such as difficulty breathing, high body temperature and neck stiffness accompany the aches. Other accompanying symptoms that necessitate immediate medical attention include reduced urination, an inability to move the affected body parts and vomiting, notes MedlinePlus.
To diagnose the cause of muscle aches, a doctor conducts a physical examination and seeks information related to the patient's condition before ordering further tests, according to MedlinePlus. The doctors is likely to ask about other symptoms that accompany the aches, things that worsen or better the aches, and the location of the aches. Treatment for muscle aches due to strains typically includes resting the affected muscle, applying ice to the sore area and using a compression bandage to help reduce swelling, states Mayo Clinic.