What Causes Lower Back and Pelvic Pain?


Quick Answer

Both pelvic pain and lower back pain can be caused by several different conditions. According to WebMD, some of the most common causes of chronic pelvic pain are urinary tract infections, endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease, interstitial cystitis and adenomyosis. Lower back pain is commonly associated with stresses and strains on the spine that eventually lead to degenerative and herniated discs.

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Full Answer

Mayo Clinic explains that doctors believe some pelvic pains stem from connective tissues and muscle structures of the pelvic floor. The pain may be caused by nerve irritation in the pelvis. In women, it may arise from problems in the urinary or reproductive system. The type of pain a person experiences varies depending on the source. It can be sharp, dull, pulsing or intermittent.

Pains range from mild or moderate to severe. Sometimes, pain in the pelvic area radiates to the thighs, lower back and buttocks. It is not uncommon for the pain to appear only during certain activities such as urination or sexual activity. Also, certain conditions can cause a sudden onset of pain, which may manifest in brief, sharp spurts. If the pain lasts for more than a few months, it is considered a chronic condition, notes Mayo Clinic.

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