According to WebMD, lower back pain is usually caused by injury, osteoarthritis or pressure on a nerve root. Back pain is one of the most frequent reasons people visit a pain specialist.Continue Reading
Injury or overuse is one of the most common causes of lower back pain. This includes sprains and strains of ligaments and muscles, compression fractures or fractures of bones, or joint injuries to the joints between spinal bones.
Osteoarthritis affects the small spinal joints. It can cause lower back pain by causing stiffness and soreness of the joints and putting pressure on the roots of the nerves. If the arthritis is in the hips or other lower body joints, it can cause back pain because it affects how a person walks.
Pressure on nerve roots is typically caused by conditions such as spinal stenosis or a herniated disc. Spinal stenosis is when the spinal canal begins to narrow and puts pressure on the nerves. Disc problems occur when one or more of the discs in the back rupture or bulge outward and press on a nearby nerve.
Treatment for lower back problems depends on the cause. Often rest, avoiding strenuous physical activity, using hot or cold compresses and taking over-the-counter pain medications are sufficient for strains and sprains. In some cases of osteoarthritis, a joint replacement may be necessary. Herniated discs may need to be surgically removed for the person to experience significant long-term pain relief.Learn more about Pain & Symptoms
Patients can relieve lower-back pain by increasing rest, applying heat or ice directly to the affected area of the back, and taking over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, explains WebMD. Exercise can also help to increase mobility and relieve lower-back pain.Full Answer >
Medical experts don't know exactly why pain spreads to areas away from an injury, according to About.com. However, some believe that the pain signals jump from the nerve in the area of injury to adjacent nerves. This is called referred pain.Full Answer >
Nerve pain in the thigh is caused by damage to the femoral nerve, which in turn may be caused by direct injury, pelvic fractures, radiation to the pelvis or prolonged pressure on the nerve, according to Healthline. A tumor or other growth may also cause nerve pain.Full Answer >
The symptoms of a pinched nerve include numbness or decreased sensation in the area supplied by the nerve, such as the back; a sharp or burning pain and tingling, itching, prickling and burning sensations, according to Mayo Clinic. Other symptoms are muscle weakness in the area of the nerve compression and frequently feeling that a hand or foot has "fallen asleep." Moreover, the entire core muscle, namely, the back, thighs, abdominals and legs, are all weakened.Full Answer >