According to WebMD, the top causes of chronic lower back pain are degenerative disk disease, herniated disks and osteoporosis. The likelihood of developing these conditions is determined partially by genetics. The lower back has nociceptive fibers, which are responsible for sending pain signals to the brain. Some people have more nociceptive fibers than others, resulting in varying amounts of back pain despite leading similar lifestyles.Continue Reading
According to WebMD, degenerative disk disease develops when the cartilage disks between the vertebrae wear away with age. These disks act as a cushion and shock absorber for the spine. Over time, as these disks erode, more pressure is placed on the jelly-like center. A herniated disk occurs when a sudden jolt or shock results in that center bulging out and pressing on the nociceptive fibers, sending a sharp pain signal to the brain. A herniated disk can also place pressure on the nerves that run down the spinal column, hurting the area from the buttocks to the leg.
WebMD describes osteoporisis as the root cause of many conditions that lead to lower back pain. As the bones become more brittle, they can form vertebral fractures that cause chronic pain. Osteoporosis can also cause bone spurs to develop, narrowing the space around the spinal cord and putting pressure on the nerves.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
The primary symptom of a lower back disk injury is pain in the back, buttocks and legs, according to Mayo Clinic. There may also be a sensation of numbness, tingling or weakness in the legs. In rare cases, a lower back disk injury may cause loss of bladder or bowel control, a condition known as cauda equina syndrome, explains WebMD. This condition is dangerous and requires immediate medical attention.Full Answer >
Slipped or herniated disks are caused by turning or twisting motions of the back, especially when lifting an object, according to Healthline. Possibly the most common cause of a disk herniation in the lower back is lifting a heavy object with improper technique.Full Answer >
For mild lower back pain treatment may involve use of cold packs, painkillers and strengthening exercises. For chronic lower back pain, it may be necessary to use prescription drugs and surgery when the issue involves nerve or structural damage. An estimated 80 percent of all adults experience lower back pain at some point in their life, as stated by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.Full Answer >
Both pelvic pain and lower back pain can be caused by several different conditions. According to WebMD, some of the most common causes of chronic pelvic pain are urinary tract infections, endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease, interstitial cystitis and adenomyosis. Lower back pain is commonly associated with stresses and strains on the spine that eventually lead to degenerative and herniated discs.Full Answer >