As of 2014, the causes of kidney cysts are unclear, according to WebMD. These cysts do not appear to have a genetic component. Males are more prone to kidney cysts than females, and these cysts are extremely common in people over 50.Continue Reading
Kidney cysts are round, fluid-filled growths on the kidney, according to Mayo Clinic. Serious disorders, such as polycystic kidney disease, frequently lead to kidney cysts, but many kidney cysts arise without an apparent etiology. These are known as simple kidney cysts.
Simple kidney cysts do not impact kidney function in a major way, according to the National Kidney and Urologic Disease Information Clearinghouse, although one study suggested some decrease in kidney function among those under 60 with kidney cysts. In most cases, the cysts are asymptomatic. However, some patients experience pain or discomfort in the abdomen if the cysts press on other organs. Additionally, if the cysts become infected, the patient may experience fever, pain and tenderness.
WebMD states that most kidney cysts never require treatment. However, if a cyst grows large enough to cause pronounced pain or effect organ functions, a doctor may opt to drain the cyst. After drainage, cysts are unlikely to recur. In the rare cases where they do, doctors can burn or remove the cyst completely to prevent recurrence.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
According to Mayo Clinic, baker's cysts are caused by injuries or arthritic conditions that result in the knee joint producing excess synovial fluid, which is a substance naturally created by the body that is essential for preventing friction between the joints and bones of the knee. As the fluid builds up, it can create a cyst behind the knee.Full Answer >
Sebaceous cysts are removed from the scalp through incision and drainage, minor surgery or laser removal, according to the Mayo Clinic. Most commonly removed due to discomfort or cosmetic reasons, sebaceous cysts typically don't cause any serious health problems. It is important to avoid popping or picking at a sebaceous cyst, as this can cause scarring and infection.Full Answer >
Liver cysts are sacs filled with air, water or semi-solid material, according to the Section of Gastrointestinal Surgery at the University of California, San Francisco. A cyst rarely impairs the functions of the liver, but there might be a need to surgically remove it if it gets large and painful.Full Answer >
Tarlov cysts are sacs of fluid that affect the nerves at the spinal base. They are also known as perineural cysts and rarely cause symptoms, which means they are not easily noticeable, notes Heathline. However, when the symptoms appear, they usually manifest in lower back pain and pain in the legs and buttocks.Full Answer >