Joint pain has a variety of causes, including but not limited to injury, inflammation or infection, according to MedicineNet. Localized muscle pain is usually caused by injury, tension, stress or overuse, while more widespread muscle pain can be traced to infection or illness, reports Mayo Clinic.
Muscle and joint pain come in different varieties, states Everyday Health. The four most common descriptions are chronic, acute, stiffness, and symmetric or asymmetric pains. Autoimmune disorders are responsible for joint and muscle pain in many people, requiring them to develop strategies to manage pain. They can range from rheumatoid arthritis to lupus to multiple sclerosis.
Muscle and joint pain are so common in autoimmune disorders because of a misdirected immune response that causes the body to attack its own tissues, leading to inflammation and tissue destruction and pain, reports Everyday Health. Some individuals are able to manage the pain at home through non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication, exercise and prescription medication. Others report successful pain relief from alternative treatments such as acupuncture, hot and cold treatments, and massages.
Muscle and joint pain manifest differently depending on the disease and patient, according to Everyday Health. Morning stiffness and soreness that slowly fades during the day is common, as is pain preventing people from exercising a joint's full range of motion.