Pain in the intestines can be caused by ulcers, food poisoning, appendicitis, Crohn's disease, indigestion or pelvic inflammatory disease, according to WebMD. Additional causes include gas, stomach virus, gastroesophageal reflux disease, constipation, kidney stones, lactose intolerance, urinary tract infection and food allergies.
Abdominal pain can also be caused by complications arising from a woman's reproductive organs, such as menstrual cramping and ovarian torsions, notes WebMD. The source, frequency and behavior of a patient's pain are helpful in determining if the cause is serious. For example, mild pain that covers a larger area of the abdomen is likely not cause for concern and may not require any form of treatment. Targeted pain that develops in a smaller area can signal organ inflammation such as appendicitis, especially if the pain continues to worsen over several hours, explains WebMD.
It is important for patients to seek the professional opinion of a doctor to diagnose and treat abdominal or intestinal pain. Doctors are able to analyze several accompanying symptoms to arrive at an effective identification of a patient's problem, according to WebMD. Questions are likely to address the patient's specific pain profile, medical history, current medication dosage and daily lifestyle habits. Depending on the patient's answers to these questions, a doctor may order additional testing to further identify possible causes. These test can include a computer tomography scan, blood tests, endoscopy, stool tests, enemas, ultrasounds, X-rays or urine tests.