Some causes of inflammation of the esophagus include infections, certain medications and acid reflux. Inflammation of the esophagus is most commonly referred to as esophagitis, notes MedicineNet.
Treatment of esophagitis is quite important if narrowing of the esophagus or tissue damage is to be avoided, notes Healthline. Some of the risk factors associated with this condition include chemotherapy, surgery in the chest area, smoking, alcohol consumption, obesity and chronic vomiting. Some symptoms associated with this condition include painful sensations when swallowing, voice hoarseness, chest pain, nausea, sore throat, abdominal pain and decrease in appetite.
Acid reflux is one of the major causes of inflammation of the esophagus. When individuals suffer from chronic vomiting or a hiatal hernia, they are likely to develop esophagitis. This is because the acid content of the stomach can easily make its way into the esophagus.
Surgery that involves the chest area or weight loss can equally lead to inflammation. These complications may arise even if the surgery is successful. Some medications including painkillers, antibiotics and bisphosphonates can cause irritation of the esophagus. This is especially true if drugs are swallowed without water.
Individuals who have a weakened immune system are likely to get esophagitis from infections. These infections can be caused by viruses, fungi or bacteria.