According to WebMD, high muscle enzyme levels are a possible indicator of inflammatory muscle disease. High levels of muscle enzymes can also be caused by injections into a muscle, muscle disease caused by an underactive thyroid, trauma, and taking certain medications such as cholesterol-lowering drugs.Continue Reading
According to the National Library of Medicine, a blood test is used to check muscle enzyme levels, which are also known as creatine phosphokinase or CPK. The procedure to draw blood is called venipuncture, and it can be repeated over two or three days if performed on a patient in a hospital. The test can be used to diagnose a heart attack, evaluate the cause of chest pain, detect muscle diseases, and to tell the difference between malignant hypothermia and postoperative infection. The test can also be used to assess how badly a muscle is damaged.
The National Library of medicine states that there really is no preparation necessary for the test, but a doctor should be aware of any medications that are currently being taken prior to testing as they can affect levels of muscle enzymes. Some medicines that affect muscle enzyme levels are amphotericin B, some anesthetics, statins, fibrates, alcohol, dexamethasone and cocaine.Learn more about Medical Ranges & Levels
Low levels of sodium in the blood, a condition known as hyponatremia, may be an indicator that the body is retaining rather than excreting excess water; this may be the result of an overproduction of the anti-diuretic hormone, states Mayo Clinic. Hyponatremia may also be the result of dehydration.Full Answer >
Healthline states that low LDH levels indicate a lower than normal level of lactate dehydrogenase, an enzyme that aids in the conversion of sugar to energy, in the bloodstream. Low levels can be caused by genetic mutations or a large intake of vitamin C.Full Answer >
Elevated levels of the liver enzyme gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase, or GGT, may be caused by habits and conditions that damage the liver, including overconsumption of alcohol and drugs, hepatitis, loss of blood flow to the liver and cirrhosis of the liver, according to Healthline. Heart failure can also raise levels of GGT.Full Answer >
Normal cardiac enzyme levels are between 0 and 3 for creatine kinase, between 0 and 3 nanograms per millimeter for creatine kinase-MB, less than 0.4 nanograms per millimeter for troponin and 38-120 nanograms per millimeter for total creatine kinase, according to the University of Minnesota. These levels are checked during a cardiac enzyme study to diagnose injuries to a patient's heart muscle, according to WebMD.Full Answer >