The causes of high blood pressure in men include certain foods and drinks, lack of physical activity, extreme stress and certain medications, according to WebMD. Overweight individuals are likely to suffer from high blood pressure. The problem occurs when blood exerts excessive force on the arteries.
Excessive intake of alcohol and smoking may lead to high blood pressure, also known as hypertension, explains WebMD. Alcohol drinkers should take two standard drinks or less per day, while smokers should cease smoking. Individuals can also inherit the condition from their relatives. Secondary hypertension refers to blood pressure that occurs due to medical problems or side effects of certain drugs.
Low levels of potassium or excess salt in the bloodstream may cause high blood pressure, states WebMD. To keep the pressure low, men should use, at most, 2,300 milligrams of salt per day. Staying active and eating a healthy diet, including vegetables, plenty of fruits and dairy products with low fats, may help in preventing the problem.
If left untreated, high blood pressure can result in heart failure and kidney problems, notes WebMD. Too much pressure can also cause aneurysms and vision problems, including blindness. Treatment of hypertension involves taking calcium channel blockers, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor blockers and diuretics. Without prevention, patients may need to use medications throughout their lives.