What causes high blood pressure?


Quick Answer

According to Mayo Clinic, primary hypertension, or high blood pressure, has no identifiable causes and develops over time. Medical conditions such as chronic kidney disease, thyroid disease, sleep apnea, congenital blood defects and adrenal gland tumors are causes of secondary high blood pressure. Other causes include taking oral contraceptives, using cocaine or amphetamines and abusing alcohol.

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What causes high blood pressure?
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Full Answer

High blood pressure, or HBP, usually does not present any visible symptoms, states the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Some individuals learn that they have high blood pressure because they experience other problems, such as stroke or kidney failure. High blood pressure creates complications in the heart, including aneurysms and weakening of the heart.

Stage 1 high blood pressure is defined as having a blood pressure of 140 to 159 millimeters of mercury over 90 to 99 millimeters of mercury, explains Mayo Clinic. Stage 2 high blood pressure is defined as having a blood pressure of 160 millimeters of mercury and above over 100 millimeters of mercury and above.

According to WebMD, high blood pressure is treated in a variety of ways, including making lifestyle changes and taking medications. Lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking, managing and reducing stress, maintaining a healthy diet and exercising daily are recommended. Medications including diuretics, ACE inhibitors, alpha blockers, vasodilators and angiotensin II receptor blockers are often prescribed for controlling and lowering high blood pressure.

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