What Are the Causes of High Blood Pressure?


Quick Answer

Causes of high blood pressure include smoking, older age, thyroid and adrenal disorders, lack of exercise, obesity, chronic kidney disease, excessive alcohol consumption, excessive consumption of salt and a family history of hypertension. The common type of hypertension in the United States is called essential hypertension, as stated by WebMD. In this type of hypertension, it is difficult to identify the underlying cause of increased blood pressure.

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What Are the Causes of High Blood Pressure?
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Full Answer

High blood pressure is risky to the health of a person because it causes the heart to overwork. It also contributes to atherosclerosis, or the hardening of the arteries, as stated by WebMD.

There are some medicines and supplements that may increase the blood pressure of a person. These include acetaminophen, antidepressants, hormonal birth control, caffeine, decongestants, some herbal supplements, immunosuppressants, stimulants, NSAIDs and illegal drugs.

High blood pressure that affects certain families tends to affect more men than women. Race and age have a significant role in hypertension too. In the U.S., blacks have a higher risk of getting hypertension than whites, as stated by WebMD. Black women over age 65 years are most prone to hypertension. People who are likely to suffer from high blood pressure include smokers, people over 35 years old, sleep apnea patients, members of a family with a history of high blood pressure and people with obesity.

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