Better Medicine states that high platelet production is categorized as either primary thrombocythemia, which occurs for reasons unknown, or secondary thrombocytosis, which is caused by another condition, such as infection, anemia or cancer. A high platelet level means that the blood has an abnormal number of platelets.Continue Reading
Platelets are tiny blood cell fragments made in bone marrow that help in blood clotting, according to Better Medicine. A healthy person normally has 150,000 to 450,000 platelets in every microliter of blood. Primary thrombocythemia is a condition wherein the bone marrow produces excessive platelets. In this case, high platelet levels occur as an independent condition without any other cause. Primary thrombocythemia can be inherited. In secondary thrombocytosis, high platelet production results from another condition. There are many diseases and conditions that lead to high platelets, including anemia, blood loss, chemotherapy, cancer, infection and inflammatory disorders.
Better Medicine notes that high platelet levels that occur due to serious diseases can result in severe complications and permanent damage, including bleeding, blood clots and brain damage. When caused by an underlying disease, high platelet levels are accompanied by other symptoms, such as weakness and bleeding. However, some people do not experience any symptoms, and high platelet levels are detected only by routine blood tests.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
An elevated platelet count generally means one of two things: reactive thrombocytosis or essential thrombocythemia. Reactive thrombocytosis means that an underlying condition has elevated the platelets, while essential thrombocythemia is a bone marrow disorder, notes Mayo ClinicFull Answer >
Effects of a high blood platelet count, or thrombocytosis, can include stroke, heart attack and blood clots due to blood vessel blockage, according to the Cleveland Clinic. After thrombocytosis has been in an individual's system for years, the bone marrow sometimes scars. In a few people, leukemia arises from thrombocytosis.Full Answer >
Elevated platelet levels or thrombocytosis is caused by a disorder of the bone marrow, known as primary thrombocythemia. It occurs in middle age, and affects women more than men, reveals Mayo Clinic.Full Answer >
Monoclonal gammopathy usually does not cause symptoms; however, depending on which illness causes the condition, symptoms can occur, such as anemia, recurring infection, weight loss, fatigue and vision problems, according to University of Rochester Medical Center. Other symptoms include numbness or tingling in the extremities, headaches, mental changes, swelling and bleeding. Monoclonal gammopathy is a condition in which the blood contains abnormal protein levels. Once physicians discover the condition, they typically monitor their patients using scheduled exams and blood work.Full Answer >