Urinary tract infections, an enlarged prostate, cancer and kidney stones are some causes of hematuria. Other causes include kidney disease, medications and genetic disorders, claims Mayo Clinic.
Hematuria occurs when parts of the urinary tract cause blood cells to enter the urine, states Mayo Clinic. Hematuria may come from the kidneys, ureters, bladder or urethra, says WebMD. Kidney infections cause symptoms of fever, chills and lower back pain, while kidney disease causes symptoms of fatigue, bodily swelling and hypertension. Kidney stones cause pain in the abdomen or pelvic area.
An enlarged prostate has symptoms of an urgent need to urinate and difficulty urinating. Medications such as Cytoxan and penicillin can cause hematuria, claims Mayo Clinic.