Q:

What causes heel spurs?

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Quick Answer

Heel spurs are caused by several factors including strain to the muscles and ligaments of the feet; stretching to the plantar fascia ligament that attaches to the bottom of the heel; or repeated tearing of the membrane covering the heel bone, according to WebMD. Heel spurs occur as calcium deposits accrue on the heel bone in response to repeated trauma and take months to develop.

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Full Answer

Heel spurs can occur without pain or other symptoms. However, heel spurs frequently occur in tandem with plantar fasciitis, a painful inflammation of the plantar fascia ligament that attaches to the bottom of the heel bone, explains MedicineNet. Heel spurs also occur on the back of the heel and are related to inflammation of the Achilles tendon.

WebMD explains that heel spurs, which develop into a pointed, bony prominence, cause pain through the soft tissues damaged when walking, running or standing for long periods of time. Heel spurs are common among athletes and others who spend a long time walking or running on hard surfaces. Other common factors in the development of heel spurs include worn out, poorly fitted shoes; shoes without proper arch support; excessive weight or obesity; and walking gait abnormalities.

MedicineNet explains that treatment of heel spurs focuses on reduction of pain and inflammation through use of icing and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, stretching exercises and properly supportive footwear that may include orthotics or other shoe inserts.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    Where do heel spurs take place?

    A:

    A heel spur forms as a calcium deposit on the heel bone, or calcaneus, of the foot, as explained by WebMD. Heel spurs are often caused by wear and tear, and it may be associated with osteoarthritis.

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  • Q:

    What are some home treatments for heel spurs?

    A:

    Non-surgical treatments for heel spurs that can be performed at home include stretching exercises and taping the affected area to provide support to irritated muscles and tendons, explains WebMD. Over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen may also help to minimize pain.

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  • Q:

    What causes bone spurs in the foot?

    A:

    Bone spurs, or osteophytes in the foot can be caused by several things, including cartilage loss, tight ligaments, activities that put stress on the feet and pressure from extra weight or badly fitting shoes, according to WebMD. A common place for bone spurs to occur on the foot is the heel.

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  • Q:

    How do you get rid of bone spurs in your heel?

    A:

    Heel spurs can be treated with surgery, but there are some nonsurgical options available, states WebMD. In some cases, a doctor may recommend certain types of stretches, special shoes, shoe inserts, taping or strapping to rest the strained muscles, or physical therapy. Pain may also be relieved by over-the-counter pain medications such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen.

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