What Are the Causes of Frontal Lobe Headaches?

Frontal sinusitis, tension headaches and migraines are some of the most common causes of headaches affecting the frontal lobe area, as listed by Right Diagnosis. Other common causes include giant cell arteritis, hypertension and refractive error.

A frontal sinus headache occurs as the result of increased pressure in the sinus cavities located above the eyes within the bone of the skull, according to MedicineNet.com. Doctors generally make a diagnosis based on a physical examination and patient history, and treatment options include over-the-counter medications and salt water nasal sprays that reduce inflammation and promote drainage of the sinuses.

A tension headache is a common headache whose causes are uncertain but may include the straining of neck, shoulder and face muscles or a disturbance of chemicals in the brain, as stated by Right Diagnosis. Reading and using the computer can also cause a headache if the eyes are straining to see the words. Taking a break or getting glasses if needed will help the pain. Patients generally describe the pain as dull, aching or tight with varying severity. Common treatments include over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medications and preventative measures, such as minimizing stress, eyestrain and anxiety.

A migraine is often characterized by a throbbing or pulsing pain and may include other symptoms, such as nausea and sensitivity to light and sound. Migraines normally last from four to 72 hours when left untreated, and treatment options include pain relievers, such as aspiring and ibuprofen, as well as preventative medications, such as antidepressants, according to Mayo Clinic.